is divided into 3 provinces and the Western Area; the provinces are further divided into 12 districts, and the districts are further divided into 149 chiefdoms.
The Southern Province is one of three provinces of Sierra Leone. It covers an area of 19,694 km² and has a population of 1,377,067 (2004 census). It consists of four districts (Bo, Bonthe, Moyamba, and Pujehun). Its capital and administrative center is Bo, which is also the second largest and second most populated city in Sierra Leone after the nation's capital Freetown. The population of the southern province is largely from the Mende ethnic group.
Southern Province has the following borders:
• Western Area: far northwest
• Northern Province: north
• Eastern Province: east
• Grand Cape Mount County, Liberia: southeast
To the south and west of Southern Province is the Atlantic Ocean. Sierra Leone's last remaining stand of rainforest is the Gola Forest. The Northern Province
(commonly referred to as Northern Sierra Leone or simply the North) is one of the four provincial divisions of Sierra Leone. It is located in the Northern geographic region of Sierra Leone. It comprises the following five Districts: Bombali, Port Loko, Kambia, Koinadugu and Tonkolili. The Northern Province covers an area of 35,936 km2 (13,875 sq mi) with a population of 1,718,240 (2004 census). Its administrative and economic center is Makeni. The North borders the Western Area to the West, the Republic of Guinea to the north-east, the Eastern Province and Southern Province to the south-east.
The Northern Province is largely Muslim, and the Temne people make up the largest ethnic group in the region. There is a significant christian minority population in the Northern Province as well. The region is home to a significant population of several other ethnic groups that are mainly based in north, and predominate in certain parts of the region
The Northern province is mainly hilly wooded area with mountainous area farther inland. Along the coast is mangroves. The region has ranges of Mountains, Hills, Valleys and Wetlands; comprising unique and endangered species. One of the main tourist attracted places in the North is the Outamba-Kilimi National Park, The park is one of the most well-known and frequently visited sites in Sierra Leone.
The five districts of the Northern Province.
• Bombali District, capital Makeni
• Kambia District,headquarter Kambia
• Koinadugu District, headquarter Kabala
• Port Loko District,headquarter Port Loko
• Tonkolili District, headquarter Magburaka
The Temne people are the largest and most influential ethnic group in Northern Sierra Leone. Other ethnic groups in Northern Sierra Leone with significant population are the Limba, Kuranko, Mandingo, Loko, the Fula, and Yalunka. The Region is largely muslim. Christianity is the second largest religious minority in the region, followed by Traditional African religion.
One of the main tourist attraction in the North is the Outamba-Kilimi National Park. The park is one of the most well-known and frequently visited sites in Sierra Leone. The Park is found in the northeastern of Kamakwie in the Bombali District. It is a magical place embedded between two rivers, the Great Scarcies, and the Mongo Rivers. At the park are rare elephants and buffaloes frequently seen following their paths through the dense bush. See the Hippos relaxing in their pools or listen to the songs of the rich bird life and the alarm calls of the various primates while silently paddling along the river in a canoe.
Northern Province has a short shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean.
Eastern Province is one of the three provinces of Sierra Leone. It covers an area of 15,553 km² and has a population of 1,187,532 (2004 census). Its capital and administrative center is Kenema. Eastern Province, Sierra Leone is very mountainous and has two ranges, the Gola Hills and the Loma Mountains
The province is divided into 3 districts.
• Kailahun District, headquarter Kailahun
• Kenema District, headquarter Kenema
• Kono District, headquarter Koidu Town
Eastern Province has the following borders:
• Nzérékoré Region, Guinea: northeast
• Lofa County, Liberia: east
• Gbarpolu County, Liberia: southeast
• Grand Cape Mount County, Liberia: south
• Southern Province: west
• Northern Province: northwest
Eastern Province is the only region of Sierra Leone without any shoreline.The Western Area or Freetown Peninsula
(formerly the Colony of Sierra Leone) is one of four principal divisions of Sierra Leone. It comprises the oldest city and national capital, Freetown, and its surrounding towns and countryside. It covers an area of 557 km² and has a population of 1,447,271. The Western Area is located mostly around the peninsula and is divided into two districts: the Western Area Rural and the Western Area Urban.
The Western Area is the wealthiest region in Sierra Leone, having the largest economy, financial and cultural center, as well as the seat of the country's national government. Unlike the other regions in Sierra Leone, the western area is not a province.
Freetown served as the administrative headquarters of both the Western Area and the Urban District, and served as the capital of the Rural District until 2009 when it was formally moved to the city of Waterloo.
To the northeast, the Western Area borders the Northern Province, and to the southeast it borders the Southern Province. However, most of the boundaries of the Western Area is the shoreline of the Atlantic Ocean. The Western Area is the only region of Sierra Leone without a foreign border.
Major cities and towns in the Western Area
• Freetown, largest city and national capital
• Waterloo, second largest city
Villages in the Western Area include
• Kola Town
• Joe Town
• Baw Baw
• Samuel Town
• Stones Town
Islands included in the Western Area
• Bunce Island, an island about 20 miles outside Freetown
• Banana Islands, islands on the Freetown Peninsula in the extreme west Sierra Leone, including Dublin Island and Ricketts Island.